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How can a TBI affect the functions of the brain?

Accidents of all kinds can occur at anytime, in any place and impact accident victims in a variety of ways. When an accident victim endures a head trauma, he or she could suffer long after the other injuries suffered heals. When it comes to a traumatic brain injury, victims are likely to endure long-term effects that could impact his or her brain functions as well as their quality of life.

How can a TBI affect the functions of the brain? When an individual suffers a TBI, he or she likely suffered the injury due to a severe external force to the head. This force is often violent enough to cause brain dysfunctions, disrupt necessary brain function and even disrupt the brain injury victim's bodily function. While the severity of the TBI will determine how greatly it will impact a victim's life, there are six common functions that are frequently disrupted or impacted.

The first is nerve. When a brain injury occurs, a victim could suffer damages to the cranial nerves. This could result in complications such as facial muscle paralysis, vision loss, loss of sense of smell and problems with swallowing. Second is intellect. A TBI could cause a brain injury victim to suffer significant changes in cognitive functioning. This could include problems with memory, learning, reasoning, metal processing, judgment, problem-solving skills and decision-making.

Thirds is communication. A brain injury could disrupt cognitive and communication skills. This could include difficulty in understanding speech or writing, disorganized thoughts, difficulty with speech or writing or conversational confusion and awkwardness. The fourth is behavior, as behavior changes are often seen after a TBI. This includes lack of self-control, risky behavior, social difficulties and self-image issues.

The fifth way a TBI could affect the brain is emotional changes. This includes depression, anxiety, mood swings, anger, lack of empathy and self-esteem changes. Lastly, the sixth way is sensory. Damage from a TBI could affect a person's senses. This includes ringing in the ears, problems with hand-eye coordination, issues with taste or smell, dizziness or vertigo or object-recognition difficulties.

The aftermath of a brain injury could be grave. A victim could endure lifelong issues and disruptions, making it challenging to return to their normal lives. If a negligent party caused the accident that led to the brain injury, it is possible for victim to seek compensation. A personal injury claim could help a victim cover expenses such as medical bills, rehabilitation and other related losses.

Source:, "Traumatic Brain Injury: 6 Brain Functions That Suffer Most," Alison Potter, July 6, 2016

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