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What is the difference between a closed TBI and an open TBI?

Whether you are in a car accident, are injured due to a slip-and-fall accident or suffer from a workplace injury, individuals in West Virginia could suffer a head injury in a variety of accidents. A traumatic brain injury is a serious injury that could greatly impact the life and well-being of the accident victim. Therefore, it is important to understand the variety of TBI's that a victim could suffer and how the victim could recover from or rehabilitate such an injury.

What is the difference between a closed TBI and an open TBI? The main difference between an open and a closed TBI is whether or not the skull was broken. An open TBI, which is also known as a penetrating head injury, occurs when the scalp or skull of a victim is broken, fractured or penetrated. Such an injury is likely to occur when a foreign object, such as a bullet, piece of metal, a tool or a piece of glass goes through the skull and enters the brain. Such an injury could cause focal or localized brain damage.

On the other hand, a closed TBI is the result of an outside force impacting the head of a victim. However, this impact does not break, fracture or penetrate the skull of the victim. A common example of a closed TBI is when an accident victim's head hits the windshield or dashboard of a vehicle in a car accident. Damage is typically widespread or diffused with a closed TBI.

The symptoms following a TBI can vary greatly; however, when a victim suffers an open TBI, they will likely show signs that a part of their brain has been damaged. The symptoms of a closed TBI vary greatly and depend on the extent of damage caused to the brain in the accident. Common symptoms of a TBI include confusion, difficulty remembering recent events, tiredness, dizziness, severe headaches and weakness or numbness to one side of the body.

Recovery from a TBI varies greatly and depends on the damage caused to the brain. A brain injury victim will likely require much medical attention, treatment and possibly surgery. A victim may suffer some disabilities, and, while not all of these are permanent, it will likely take much time to regain normal functions.

When a victim suffers a brain injury in a collision caused by a negligent party, it is important that the victim and their loved ones understand the options available to them. A personal injury claim could help the victim recover compensation for medical bills, lost wages and other related damages.

Source:, "Types of TBI," accessed Nov. 20, 2016

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