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What are the different types and levels of brain injuries?


Whether an accident occurs at work, in an automobile or on a motorcycle, suffering a head trauma is always a concern. A brain injury can come in various forms, and in some cases, does not present itself for an extended period of time after the initial incident. Therefore, victims and their loved ones should understand the ins and outs of a brain injury.

Brain injuries are often unique and can take on different forms. This is often dependent on the type of accident, the type of force and the amount of force that impacts the head. A concussion, which is a common injury in car accident or sports, could result in substantial difficulties and impairments that could last a lifetime. A concussion is often caused by a direct blow to the head, but could also occur from a gunshot wound, violent shaking of the head or from whiplash. In most cases, it takes a few months to a few years to recover from a concussion.

A head trauma victim can also suffer a contusion. This is the result of a direct impact to the head and is a bruise on the brain. If they are large, a contusion might need to be surgically removed. A coup-contrecoup is another brain injury a victim could suffer. This is similar to a contusion but results in a second contusion on the complete opposite side of the brain. This occurs when the force of impact also causes the brain to slam into the opposite side of their skull.

Other head traumas include diffuse axonal and penetration. While a penetration injury occurs when an object penetrates and injures the brain, diffuse axonal is caused by shaking or the strong rotation of the head. This is likely to occur in a serious accident. Such an injury causes brain structure to tear, which could result in brain damage.

The recovery process following a brain injury could be lengthy and difficult. Therefore, victims and their loved ones should take steps to prepare for the process. Additionally, if a negligent party caused or was at fault in an accident, a victim might have recourses available to them. A personal injury claim could help them recover compensation, helping with expenses such as medical bills, rehabilitation and lost wages.

Source: Biau.org, "Types and Levels of Brain Injury," accessed May 30, 2016

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